Sunday, 26 November 2017

Carter Bar. Crossing from England into Scotland.

Carter Bar is the point where the A68 road crossers the border from England in to Scotland. It is 45 miles north of Newcastle upon Tyne and 58 miles south of Edinburgh. The border features a popular stopping off point with marker stones for England and Scotland where there are outstanding views of the landscapes of Northumberland and Roxburghshire.

The following is a short video of mine taken whilst crossing over Carter Bar on another occasion.

Thanks for looking and please take a moment to share, all the pictures and video remain the copyright of Colin Green.

The Summit Tunnel and Hills Above.

The Summit Tunnel is a 1.6 mile long railway tunnel through the Pennines in Northern England. Connecting the town of Littleborough, Greater Manchester with the large village of Walsden, West Yorkshire.

Construction started on the tunnel in 1837 with George Stephenson in charge of the project and opened in 1841 providing a much needed rail link between the major northern cities of Leeds and Manchester. The cost was said to be approx. £285000 which was nearly £200000 over the original budget of £97000. On completion the tunnel was the longest in the world for about 4 weeks until Box Tunnel between Chippenham and Bath opened. Around a thousand men worked on the project with 9 killed during the construction and 23,000,000 bricks 8,000 tons of concrete were used during the build. Stephenson considered it his greatest piece of railway engineering.

The tunnel has pretty much remained in constant use since opening with the exception of an 8 month period in 1985. On December 20th 1984 a goods train was pulling petrol tankers through the tunnel when tanker number 4 derailed causing the derailment of the tankers behind. One of the tanks began to leak and it is though the vapour from this ignited. Upon leaving the tunnel on foot the train crew were persuaded to return and bring out the engine and remaining tanks that were not ablaze. It took 2 days to bring the fire under control and the stop signal was not issued by West Yorkshire Fire Brigade until 6.30pm on Christmas eve. Fire crew remained around the tunnel until the 7th January 1985.
The builder George Stephenson said of the tunnel "I stake my reputation and my head that the tunnel will never fail so as to injure any human life" The damage done by the fire was minimal, about half a mile of track to be replaced, all electrical services replaced. The brick lining had stood up well to the fire with a minimal amount of work needed to replace the damaged lining and air shafts 8 and 9 shored up at the bases. Before re-opening locals were allowed the opportunity to walk through the tunnel with train services starting again between Todmorden and Littleborough on 19th August 1985.

The pictures were taken on a few occasions with different cameras.

The following 2 short films were taken at the tunnels Northern (Western) portal.
This shows a Leeds bound train leaving the tunnel in the direction of Walsden. It was filmed in August 2017.

This was filmed in November 2013 and shows a Manchester bound pacer train entering the tunnel.

Thanks for looking and please take a moment to share, all the pictures and video remain the copyright of Colin Green.

Sunday, 19 November 2017

Tuel Lane Lock and Tunnel.

Tuel Lane Lock is a canal lock on the Rochdale Canal at Sowerby Bridge. The lock was built as part of the reopening of the canal and replaces locks 3 and 4 that were filled in during the 1950's. The following 2 pictures are what inspired this post. They were found on an old disk drive and the copyright does not belong to me. Sadly I do not know who took them so I cannot give them there rightful credit. I will remove them if the copyright owner request it.

 This picture shows the canal alongside Christ Church, with Lock No. 3 visible beyond the A58 bridge. I believe this picture to have been taken in the late 1940's to early 1950's before Tuel Lane was extended over the infilled canal.
The pictures show the end of the Rochdale Canal at Sowerby Bridge during the 1980's or early 1990's. 

All traffic had ceased on the Rochdale Canal by 1937, having been replaced by firstly by rail and then road for transporting goods. In 1952 an Act of Parliament allowed for the canal to be abandoned. Over the next few years the section of the canal featured in the pictures was infilled and abandoned losing 2 locks and having the A1639 road built over the section of canal nearest Christ Church.
Plans to completely abandoned the canal and leave it's future to fate where instigated in 1965, but the Inland Waterways Association fought against this which by 1974 had led to the formation of the Rochdale Canal Society.
By 1990 a large section of the canal had been restored but the final piece reconnecting the canal with the Calder & Hebble Navigation had still not been realised. It took until 1996 for the completed tunnel and lock to open and on May 3rd 1996 the canal was finally reconnected with the Calder & Hebble.
The lock is currently the deepest inland lock in the United Kingdom at 19 feet 8.5 inches and is controlled by a lock keeper with boat crews not permitted to operate the lock.

The pictures below were taken by me and can be seen here and on Clickasnap where they are full resolution and un-watermarked.

Lock 3/4 Tuel Lane, Rochdale Canal

Tuel Lane Lock

Lock 2 looking towards Tuel Lane Tunnel.

The following pictures are not mine. They were found on Each photographers copyright is maintained and they are credited at the bottom of each picture. I would like to thank each person who took the picture here as they are used under a creative commons licence. They show the original A58bridge during the construction of the tunnel, there is a picture taken inside the tunnel itself and the remaining pictures show what was the end of the canal near bridge 1a

By showing these 7 pictures taken by Dr Neil Clifton and Christine Johnstone I hope I show the changes that took place in constructing the lock. I will remove them if either of the copyright holders request it.

Thanks for looking and please take a moment to share, all the pictures remain the copyright of their respective owner or Colin Green.

Saturday, 18 November 2017

The Halifax Gibbet.

The Halifax Gibbet Law.
The following is taken from a notice within a display cabinet at the Bankfield Museum, Halifax. The display features a model of the gibbet and the original blade which was found in a solicitor's office in Wakefield in 1970.

In the early medieval period, the Lords of the Manor of Wakefield governed Halifax. They were granted the right to execute thieves caught on there land. From this right the custom of the Halifax Gibbet developed.
Other places in Yorkshire also had the right to punish wrongdoers at this time. Halifax's gibbet law became famous, however as it continued in use for hundreds of years. Many think this was to protect the cloth trade which was a mainstay of Halifax's economy.
The law stated that any thief caught with goods worth over 13 and a half pence could be killed by the gibbet. The executions would take place on market day, with many spectator's gathered to watch.
There were over 53 recorded executions between 1541 and 1650. It is likely that there were more before records began.
(Notice at Bankfield Museum).

The Halifax Gibbet was an early guillotine, used in the town of Halifax, England. Halifax was once part of the Manor of Wakefield, where ancient custom and law gave the Lord of the Manor the authority to execute summarily by decapitation any thief caught with stolen goods. Decapitation was a fairly common method of execution in England, but Halifax was unusual in two respects: it employed a guillotine-like machine that appears to have been unique in the country, and it continued to decapitate petty criminals until the mid-17th century.
The device consisted of an axe head fitted to the base of a heavy wooden block that ran in grooves between two 15-foot (4.6 m) tall uprights, mounted on a stone base about 4 feet (1.2 m) high. A rope attached to the block ran over a pulley, allowing it to be raised, after which the rope was secured by attaching it to a pin in the base. The block carrying the axe was then released either by withdrawing the pin or by cutting the rope once the prisoner was in place.
Almost 100 people were beheaded in Halifax between the first recorded execution in 1286 and the last in 1650, but as the date of the gibbet's installation is uncertain, it cannot be determined with any accuracy how many were dealt with by the Halifax Gibbet. By 1650 public opinion considered beheading to be an excessively severe punishment for petty theft; use of the gibbet was forbidden by Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, and the structure was dismantled. The stone base was rediscovered and preserved in about 1840, and a non-working replica was erected on the site in 1974. 2 skeletons were discovered nearby and these are thought to have been the last 2 known victims of the gibbet Anthony Mitchell and Abraham Wilkinson.
The gibbet law allowed that if the victim was able to withdraw his head as the blade fell and escape across the Hebble Brook he could be freed. It is thought that only 1 man John Lacey (aka Running Man) achieved this in 1617, unfortunately he returned to Halifax several years later and the law allowed him to be recaptured and he was executed the 2nd time in January 1623.

Thanks for looking and please take a moment to share, all the pictures remain the copyright of Colin Green.

Sunday, 12 November 2017

BMW Z3 and Z4.

The Z3 and Z4 are a range of convertible and coupe roadster sports cars built by BMW.

The Z3 was first produced by BMW in September 1995 and was the first car ever solely manufactured outside of Germany, having been built in Greer, South Carolina, USA. Production was ended in June 2002.

The Z4 was it's replacement with production commencing in Greer in 2002 and moving to Regensburg, Germany in 2008. The Z4 is still in production today with the third generation model due to launch in 2018

These pictures were taken for a friend who had just bought the Z4 as a replacement for his Z3. They were taken on the 4th July 2015 using a Polaroid iS2132 Bridge Camera. Their are a total of 6 with 2 also available to view on Clickasnap without watermarks and in full resolution.

Thanks for looking and please take a moment to share, all the pictures remain the copyright of Colin Green.

Copley Bridge, Toll Booth, and it's Replacement The Wilson Bridge.

Copley River Bridge is a former toll crossing connecting Copley and Greetland across the River Calder. The original Bridge was built by Richard Kennet-Dawson in 1831 who was the last Lord of the Manor of Copley. The bridge carried North Dean Road across the River and a toll was charged until 1856 when the bridge became free to cross. The bridge stood for 184 years until the flooding that devastated the Calder Valley on Boxing Day 2015 destroyed the bridge. The 2 arch bridge had partially collapsed and remained like that until February 2017 when it was demolished in it's entirety to allow it's replacement The Wilson Bridge to be built.

Toll Bridge, Copley.
The Bridge pictured in February 2014.

Flood Damaged Remains of Copley Bridge.
The Bridge pictured on New Years Day 2016, 6 days after the Calder Valley floods had damaged it beyond repair.

In February 2017 the remains of the bridge were cleared and work started on the replacement crossing. The Wilson Bridge was completed and opened in October 2017 and named by local school children after Mr Graham Wilson who had lived in the former toll house to the south of the bridge for many years. Sadly Mr Wilson had passed earlier in 2017 before the bridge re-opened. His family were invited to be amongst the first people to cross the bridge when it was opened by the Mayor of Calderdale Coun Ferman Ali on October 12th 2017.

Wilson Bridge and St Stephens, Copley
The newly opened Wilson Bridge and St Stephens Church, Copley pictured on October 15th 2017.

On the south side of the River the former Toll House still stands which is now a private residence. The house stands opposite the lychgate entrance to St Stephens Church and the bottom of North Dean Road and I imagine is a wonderfully place to live in the peaceful surrounds of North Dean Woods all around and the River Calder flowing past to the north of the house.

The Former Copley Toll House.
The former toll house pictured in October 2017.

There are a total of 29 pictures taken of the original bridge, the toll house and the new Wilson Bridge at Various dates over the last few years taken with either a Samsung Galaxy Tablet, a Polaroid iS2132 Bridge Camera, or my Nikon d3300 SLR Camera. They have been split into 2 albums, the first of which contains 8 pictures available to buy as a download or just simply view full size on Clickasnap.

The album sadly cannot be embedded here so the pictures can only be seen on Clickasnap. They are an exclusive set which will open in another window. They can be purchased as a download, but by simply taking just 10 seconds to view any picture on Clickasnap you help support the photographer as they receive a small contributors fee from them. So please take a moment to view the pictures. The individual links can be found at the bottom of the page.View my picture of "The Former Toll House, Copley"

There are another 21 featured in my Flickr album which can be seen below,
Copley Bridge and Former Toll Booth.
Use the arrows to navigate or view full size on Flickr.

The following 4 pictures were the first I took in and around the bridge. They were taken using a Samsung Galaxy Tablet on October 27th 2013. They can also be viewed on Flickr without watermarks.
 The former toll house.
 Toll price list reproduction.
 Taken from atop the former bridge with the former toll house to the right and the lychgate to the left forming the entrance to St Stephens Church, Copley.
Looking across the former bridge, St Stephens Church roof can be seen to the left and the woodland is North Dean Woods. The woods stretch from here to Norland, Greetland and West Vale.

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